Lockwood de Forest (1896-1949): Landscape designs


Lockwood de Forest III was born in New York City in 1896. His father was a well-known landscape painter, and as a teenager, Lockwood was sent to the Thacher School in Ojai, California. There he fell in love with Southern California and after a brief stay at Williams College for a semester and a Grand Tour of Europe, Lockwood settled in Santa Barbara. After working for landscape architect Ralph Stevens, de Forest started his own landscape architecture firm, where he worked mainly on residential properties in Santa Barbara and Montecito.
In 1925, Lockwood de Forest married Elizabeth Kellam and together they wrote and published The Santa Barbara Gardener magazine. Elizabeth assisted with the landscape designs and took over the practice after Lockwood's death in 1949.


Lockwood de Forest, landscape architect


Lockwood de Forest, Jr. landscape drawings, Architecture and Design Collection. Art, Design & Architecture Museum; University of California, Santa Barbara.


circa 1920 - circa 1949


Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user. University of California Regents.

Collection Items

Lockwood de Forest: William Nelson landscape (Montecito, Calif.)
As with many of Lockwood de Forest's commissions, the houses were designed by some of the top architects in Southern California, and de Forest's landscaping was a harmonious compliment to their work. The formality of the house lent itself to the…

Lockwood de Forest: Stanley McCormick estate (Montecito, Calif.)
The 84 acre "Riven Rock" estate belonged to the McCormick family, the inventors of the grain reaper and founders of the International Harvester company. The original house was constructed in 1898 (demolished after the 1925 Santa Barbara earthquake),…

Lockwood de Forest: Santa Barbara Museum of Art (Santa Barbara, Calif.)
The plaza at the corner of State Street and Anapamu in downtown Santa Barbara was designed by Lockwood de Forest and architect Lutah Maria Riggs. The seating area with trees and benches allows for a brief respite prior to or just after visiting the…

Lockwood de Forest: Chalifoux garden (Montecito, Calif.)
This extremely colorful and detailed design for a garden was for Elizabeth and Harold Chalifoux, who were well-known orchid growers in the Santa Barbara area. The Chalifoux were from Boston, and Elizabeth Chalifoux was the daughter of Albert Burrage,…

Lockwood de Forest: Bothin tea garden (Montecito, Calif.)
San Francisco industrialist Henry Bothin and his wife Ellen Chabot Bothin purchased 350 acres of mountain and foothill land above Montecito in 1916. The property was named Mar Y Cel, but was commonly referred to as the Tea Garden; it was adjacent to…

Lockwood de Forest: de Forest garden (Santa Barbara, Calif.)
Lockwood de Forest was not just a landscape architect, but also designed and built houses, including his own on Todos Santos Lane in Santa Barbara. The house and landscaping were oriented towards a view of the Santa Ynez Mountains and included many…

Lockwood de Forest portraits
The de Forest archive contains a large amount of personal papers, including many photographs of Lockwood and Elizabeth de Forest. The photos document their extensive camping trips in the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the 1930s.
View all 7 items