Rudolph M. Schindler (1887-1953): Barnsdall house


The Aline Barnsdall house, most commonly known as the Hollyhock House, was one of the first Frank Lloyd Wright houses built in Los Angeles. Wright brought Rudolph Schindler out from Chicago to be the project manager for the grouping of houses on Olive Hill for Barnsdall. In addition to the Hollyhock House, Schindler also managed the construction of the Director's House (also known as House A), the Oleander House (House B), and a pergola and wading pool on the Olive Hill grounds. Schindler continued to work with Aline Barnsdall after she fired Frank Lloyd Wright in 1921, and continued to work on the property up until 1948.

The house was named a Los Angeles cultural-historic monument in 1963, a National Historic Landmark in 2007, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2019.


Rudolph M. Schindler, architect
Frank Lloyd Wright, architect


R. M. Schindler papers, Architecture & Design Collection. Art, Design & Architecture Museum; University of California, Santa Barbara.


circa 1919-1921


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Collection Items

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsdall Director's House elevations (Los Angeles, Calif.)
The blueprints for the elevations of the Director's House (House A) show the Prairie influence on Wright's design. With a long row of clearstory windows, concrete walls, and horizontal lines, the house clearly shows the Wright design. Wright brought…

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsdall pool and pergola (Los Angeles, Calif.)
This Schindler drawing of a wading pool and pergola on the Olive Hill grounds dates from 1925. Schindler continued to work for Barnsdall after she fired Wright, and the pool and pergola are examples of the ongoing work on the property.

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsdall bedroom and bathroom alterations (Los Angeles, Calif.)
In 1925, Schindler altered Aline Barnsdall's bedroom and ensuite bathroom in the Hollyhock House. He altered the layout of the bathroom and paneled the walls and ceiling in oak. Schindler also altered the bedroom for Aline's daughter. These interior…

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsdall Director's House floor plans (Los Angeles, Calif.)
The original idea for the Barnsdall site was that it was to have an on-site theater, housing for actors and staff, as well as the main house. The Director's House, also referred to as House A was designed by Wright and built with Schindler as the…

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsall house interiors (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Some of the hallmarks of Schindler's later works can be seen in these interior photographs. The built-in furniture, focus on natural light, and the use of wood on the walls and ceiling are architectural details seen throughout his career in various…

Rudolph Schindler: Barnsdall house exterior (Los Angeles, Calif.)
This photograph of the exterior of the house shows the growth of landscaping along the front and patio areas.
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